Corona or Covid 19 which is also known as Wuhan’s Corona Virus is declared as an epidemic by the World Health Organization. All countries in the world have taken steps to control the epidemic. About five years ago, the World Health Organization issued a red notice on various viruses. That was after the 2015 Zika virus-related incidents. Mankind had previously fought against such a large number of plagues. This corona epidemic has also disrupted human life. Given these circumstances, Big Legend One decided to discuss the history of epidemics in the world.
An epidemic is a disease that spreads over a large area of the world at once, infecting large numbers of people at once. It spreads from several countries to continents or all over the world. The earliest known reference to an epidemic is from Athens in 426-430 BC. It’s about an outbreak of typhoid fever in Athens. The cause was recently discovered, and it killed about a quarter of the Greek population.
The second earliest evidence of an epidemic was found in Rome. That was during the period 165-180 AD. The epidemic killed 5 million people and infected more than 15 million people. The plague has been found to be measles or smallpox. This situation is said to have been a turning point in Roman civilization, as medical science tried to find a cure for this pandemic, other than false mythical cures.
The Plague was the worst pandemic to kill 50% of Europe’s population which is equal to 100 million. This pandemic lasted for nearly two centuries, to be exact 540-750 A.D. Which was also called the longest pandemic in history. There is evidence that this originated in the Mediterranean Sea and later spread to Asia.
The next pandemic was also caused by the plague, which happened in 1331-1553 A.D. This epidemic is also suspected to be the oldest biological attack in history. This plague lasted for about twenty years. Beginning in Asia, it spread to Europe and the Mediterranean, summoning death to about seventy-five million people. The patients died within a week of the infection due to pneumonia, fever and septicemia and no one was left to bury them.
Yersinia, the causing virus of this epidemic, was able to give the plague its own unique name. It became known as the Black Death because of the presence of black spots all over the body of an infected person and it also causes their death.
The last epidemic of the plague was reported from Asia. In 1855, it spread to China and India. This killed 10 million people and ended up spreading to America. Patients are still reported in many parts of the United States.
Smallpox caused severe damage in the 16th and 17th centuries. This was dangerously spread in Australia and Peru between 1520-1618. It is said that a large number of them died or became disabled. In addition, measles and syphilis were also affected locally in that period of time.
19th-century cholera epidemic;
- 15 million in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia between 1817-1924,
- Three hundred thousand Europeans and Russians during the period 1826-1837,
- One hundred and fifty thousand Europeans, Russians, and Mexicans during the period 1846-1860,
- Hundreds of thousands in Europe and Africa during the period 1863-1875,
- During the period 1881-1896, Russia spread across Europe, Japan, and the United States, numbering over a hundred thousand,
- 1881-1896 Million in Russia, Europe, and Japan Were killed by this.
Influenza virus discovered by Hippocrates, the father of medicine, also belongs to this Epidemics.
Historically, such an epidemic has occurred at least once every thirty years. The Influenza virus group has been a major threat to humans since 1850. Increasing the natural death rate of humans.
Russian flu or H3N8 and H2N2 influenza reported in 1889-1890 killed a large number of people in Russia and North America. Between 1918 and 1920, the Spanish flu killed hundreds of millions of people.
Which was also an Influenza virus. This reached even the Arctic region, which had never been plagued before. The darkest period has arrived for the people who were also torn apart by the war. Older people and babies are more likely to be exposed to the common influenza viruses, but the Spanish flu attacked most of the younger generation. This may be due to the fact that young people are more susceptible to chemicals, poor facilities, and frequent traffic. However, the Spanish flu claimed more lives than World War I did.
- 1957-1958 Two million deaths by Asian flu originated in China
- Hong Kong Flu in 1968-1969 took One million lives
- H1N1 claimed five hundred thousand lives during 2009-2010.
In addition to the epidemics that have been limited over time, which were mentioned above, World Health Organization has introduced other epidemics.
- Tuberculosis kills two million people a year.
- Mosquito-borne malaria.
- HIV AIDS is at the top of that list
The future is always written in the present. Today the corona pandemic has disabled almost our day-to-day life. The future is dependent on the actions we take today, so it is our duty to keep away the tears from our future generation.